Terroir

A French term that describes how climate, soil, vines and people combine to create unique, identifiable wines.
"Lefkadia Valley can’t be described by one word. It combines the cool influence of the Greater Caucasus Range and the warm Black Sea, heavy clay and limestone, glorious French and ancient Georgian traditions. All this diversity allows us to make wines in different styles".
M. M. Nikolaev
Managing partner
CLIMATE
It is difficult to underestimate the influence of climate on the wine — drought, torrential rains, frost, or hail are always at farmer’s horizons. Lefkadia Valley is lucky. The mild, balanced climate makes it possible to produce the highest quality grapes.
Warm enough, but not as hot as at the Black Sea Coast. With the sum of active temperatures from 3000 to 3400 degrees per year, we can successfully work with both warm-loving red and white varieties from cooler regions.
Temperate Continental Climate
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The Caucasus mount range makes nights cooler. Temperature variations give more flavor and balanced fresher taste so that even the richest and most concentrated wines from the Valley don’t seem heavy.
Chilly at night
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The temperature depends on altitude and distance from the sea. This is a great advantage for us, which allows us to find the perfect sites for completely different varieties: from cool Riesling to thermophilic Viognier, from subtle Pinot Noir to powerful Cabernet.
Daytime temperatures can vary by 4 degrees
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"We are located in temperate continental climate area, which has an extremely positive effect on the character of our wines. This area is perfect for white and sparkling wines, but many red varieties are equally good here. They maintain the right balance and natural harmony".
M. M. Nikolaev
Managing partner
SOILS
Another important factor is the soil. The valley contains clay, sand, silt, chalk, marl, limestone, pebbles, and even marble, which in different proportions create dozens of soil types, but the main ones are two types — the yin and yang of Lefkadia Valley.
HEAVY CLAY SOILS
They hold moisture well, allowing the grapes to reach the greatest ripeness, giving a rich color, powerful tannin, and complicated deep flavor. This is where Cabernet Franc, Merlot, and Petit Verdot are best. These concentrated, dense wines are excellent for long aging, and in the Valley, they come out under the brand "Lefkadia".
CARBONATE-LIME SOILS
After a narrow strip of 20−30 cm of fertile land, a clean gypsum mountain begins with interspersed chalk. These lands give completely different wines — lighter, thinner, and more aromatic. They differ by a special minerality and a delicate refined taste. White varieties and pinot noir work most successfully on this terroir. You can meet them, for example, in Likuria brand wines.
"The presence of multiple brands in the valley is determined by soil diversity and microclimates that produce wines of opposite styles. The challenge for agronomists and winemakers is to emphasize these features so that each plot could give unique results. We stand for individuality and inimitable taste".
M. M. Nikolaev
Managing partner
VARIETIES
The diversity of microclimates, soil types, heights, and slopes provides great space for variety selection. Today there are 23 varieties and they can be divided into 4 important groups.
Bordeaux varieties
Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot
World classics. Hotter areas and heavy clay soils allow ripening without losing freshness. In Lefkadia Valley we can see a combination of "Old World" structure and aging potential with "New World" brightness and fruit-forward aspects.
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Sun and heat lovers from the south of France. Due to the chilly nights and temperate climate, they are not too ripe and remain extremely elegant.
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Red Syrah, White Viognier, Marsanne and Roussanne
Rhone varieties
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In the Lefkadia Valley, the coolest areas, where the average temperature is 2−4 degrees lower selects for them.
Northern European varieties
Riesling, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir
Georgian varieties
Saperavi, Mtsvane and Rkatsiteli
The modern French approach to vinification, instead of the traditional Georgian one, is applied to the popular Caucasian varieties. That, in combination with a different terroir, gives unique results.
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"Since the very first year, we experimented with many varieties. Actively planted potentially interesting ones, and uprooted what we didn’t like. I can say with confidence — today we have selected the perfect palette. Each variety has found the right terroir to show not only the varietal characteristics but also the characteristics of Lefkadia Valley — freshness, uniqueness, aromatic brightness, and exquisite taste".
M. M. Nikolaev
Managing partner
ORGANIC VITICULTURE
We do not treat vineyards with pesticides and herbicides to protect them from pests and diseases. We are trying to bring balance back to the ecosystem so that the vines regulate their life cycle on their own. Mineral and organic fertilizers allow plants to develop their immunity, rather than relying on assistance outside.
Climate change is also visible in the valley — in recent years there has been less and less precipitation. We do not use artificial irrigation, which affects the quality and nature of the grapes. But we use special techniques to help the vine accumulate enough moisture in winter to avoid stress during heat and drought periods. This requires extra costs, but the result is worth it. Every year the vine gives more and more balanced grapes, and the winemaker’s task is reduced to little — not to ruin what nature has given.
"Wine is born in the vineyard. We try to minimize our interference in the natural cycle and return the natural balance to the ecosystem so that the vine itself will deal with all adversities, and yields a stable high-quality harvest from year to year and not depend on chemical treatments".
M. M. Nikolaev
Managing partner

Browse more
Restaurants
The Wine House includes restaurants, a bar, vinoteque, and open summer playgrounds.
Farm
Lefkadia Valley is not only about wine. We produce sunflower seed oil, honey, unpasteurized cheeses, and sausages.